NEET Reservation News 2021 Analysis for General, OBC

NEET Reservation News 2021 Analysis

On July 29, the Central Government granted the All India Quota (NEET Reservation for OBC & General Categories) for admission to medical and dental institutions across the nation.

This All India quota i.e, NEET reservation for General (EWS, Economically Weaker Sections). and OBC (Other Backward Classes) will be a win-win situation for NEET-2021 aspirants

Let’s discuss what this decision says and who will benefit from NEET Reservation and by how much?

Also Read: A Brief Analysis of Jharkhand class 10th result 2021

NEET Reservation News 2021: Key Points 

  • The NEET Reservation quota in medical and dentistry institutions has been raised by 37% by the central government.
  • OBC applicants would receive a 27% reservation, while EWS candidates will receive a 10% reservation under the new NEET Reservation regulation.
  • Henceforth, students from the OBC and EWS categories will be given priority in government medical and dentistry schools across the country.
  • Only students who qualify for the All India Quota through NEET will be awarded a reservation.
  • According to the government, 1,500 OBC and 550 EWS students would be eligible for MBBS seats.

In this analysis we are going to cover:

  • the impact of the Central Government’s decision on students preparing for NEET.
  • What was the NEET Reservation policy on medical seats up until now, and what will change now?
  • Why did the national government make this choice after NEET was announced?
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What exactly is NEET?

The National Eligibility-cum-Admission Test (NEET) is a nationwide entrance test for medical schools.

Successful students are enrolled in medical and dentistry colleges at the undergraduate (NEET-UG) and postgraduate (NEET-PG) courses.

A brief History of NEET

NEET was originally held in 2003, but due to state protests, it had to be cancelled the following year.

On April 13, 2016, the Supreme Court authorised a new provision 10-D of the Indian Medical Council Act.

This cleared the way for medical institutions across the country to use a single entrance exam for undergraduate and postgraduate programmes.

The All India Pre-Medical Test (AIPMT) was held at the national level till 2016 for admission to medical institutions across India.

Aside from that, the states also had their own Pre-Medical Test (PMT).

Since then, students have been required to take the NEET exam to be admitted to medical schools across the country.

This test was first administered by the CBSE (Central Board of Secondary Education).

Later in the year 2018, National Testing Agency (NTA) was set up to conduct the NEET Exam

On September 13, 2020, 15.97 lakh candidates took the NEET exam.

The admission test for undergraduate courses will be held on September 12 and the entrance exam for postgraduate programmes will be held on September 12.

What is the Medical College All-India Quota in NEET Reservation?

For admission to state government medical institutions, there are two sorts of rules:

1. All India Quota, and

2. State Quota.

Students from the state’s domicile were admitted under the state quota.

At the same time, students from other states get admitted to the All India quota based on a national merit list as provisioned in NEET Reservation Policy. 

The allotment of seats in medical and dental colleges is done on the basis of All India Quota and State Quota.

That is, admission is taken under the All India Quota on 15% of the total undergraduate seats in government medical colleges while 50% of the post-graduate seats.

The remaining seats are allocated according to the state quota i.e, 85% UG seats and 50% PG seats are given to the students of the state where the college is located.

The Supreme Court’s 1986 ruling also enforced the All India Quota in NEET Reservation.

As a result, if a student wishes to enrol at a good medical institution outside of his home state, he will be permitted to do so.

For example, if a Madhya Pradesh native wishes to enrol at the Government Medical College of Delhi, he must first get a spot on the All India Quota merit list.

If the student does not qualify for the All India quota, he or she may be able to enrol in a medical or dental institution in his or her home state.

The All India Quota covers 100% of seats at Deemed/Central Universities, ESIC, and Armed Forces Medical Colleges (AFMC).

That is, only government medical institutions in the states have a distinct provision for the All India Quota.

Female Reservation in NEET 2021?

In the 15% All India Quota seats, there is NO Female Reservation in NEET 2021 for female candidates taking the NEET test in 2021.

However, certain state governments, like Madhya Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Maharashtra, have set aside a fraction of the 85 per cent state quota for NEET qualified female candidates.

What is the procedure for implementing NEET reservation policy?

Brief History of NEET Reservation

There was no reservation in the All India Quota for medical college admissions until 2007.

The Supreme Court, however, granted 15% reservation for Scheduled Castes and 7.5 per cent reservation for Scheduled Tribes in the All India Quota in the case of Abhay Nath Vs Delhi University and others on 31 January 2007.

Following this, the government passed the Central Education Institutions (Reservation in Admission) Act 2007.

NEET Reservation for OBC

As a result, students from other backward classes (OBCs) began to get a 27 per cent quota at central government medical institutes, such as AIIMS.

In state medical institutions, the OBC quota would be separate from the All India quota.

That is, under the All India Quota, there was no reservation for OBCs.

The Constitution (103rd Amendment) Act 2019 was passed by the government in 2019.

NEET Reservation for General (EWS)

Under the Constitution (103rd Amendment) Act 2019 a 10% quota was introduced for the Economically Weaker Section (EWS).

It was adopted in central educational institutions but not in state educational institutions as part of the NEET All India Quota.

What will be the impact of the NEET Reservation Policy ?

The government decided on July 29 that in the All India quota of medical institutions, there would be a quota for OBC and EWS students starting in the academic year 2021-22.

According to the Ministry of Health, OBC students would gain from 1,500 MBBS and 2,500 postgraduate seats as a result of this decision.

Similarly, EWS students would be given priority for 550 MBBS seats and 1,000 postgraduate seats.

According to the All India Federation of OBC Employees’ Welfare Report, the All India quota affected 40,800 seats in state government medical institutions between 2017 and 2020.

It claims that 10,900 OBC students were denied admission due to quota constraints.

Why did the central government adopt NEET Reservation decision?

The most opposition to NEET came from South India as a result of the Madras High Court’s ruling.

At the All India Quota case in the Madras High Court, Tamil Nadu’s governing DMK (DMK) and its allies requested a quota for OBCs.

On July 27, 2020, the Supreme Court decided in its favour.

However, this regulation was only supposed to be in effect from 2021 to 2022.

The NEET-2021 notice was issued on July 13, 2021. In the All India Quota, there was no mention of the OBC reservation.

On July 19, the DMK filed a contempt petition.

The Madras High Court stated that the Central Government’s refusal to grant OBC reservation in All India seats demonstrates that the High Court’s judgement is being disobeyed.

On July 26, Government assured the Madras High Court that the decision to provide OBC quotas in state medical colleges under the All India Quota will be made soon.

The case will be heard again on August 3.

Will this decision have any impact on the NEET?

Many petitions have been filed in response to the Madras High Court’s ruling.

The Supreme Court has yet to rule on Saloni Kumari’s plea.

According to the NEET information booklet on the NTA website, the decision on the OBC quota in the All India quota would be contingent on the result of the Supreme Court case (Saloni Kumari).

That is, it is evident that the NTA has previously said that the All India Quota may be changed.

As a result, there’s little use in contesting his notification.

This also indicates that the NEET dates will not be affected by this decision.

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