101 Important and Amazing Facts About Jharkhand at a Glance

Hello aspirants, In this note on Interesting and Amazing Facts About Jharkhand at a Glance, we are going to cover Basic facts about Jharkhand State.

In this post we will cover About Jharkhand History, Geographical Facts About Jharkhand, Facts about Jharkhand Polity, Facts about Jharkhand Economy, Facts about Jharkhand Music, Dance and Drama.

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Basic Facts About Jharkhand: An Introduction

Important Facts about Jharkhand:

Jharkhand is one of India’s newest states situated in the Northeastern part of India with an area of 74,677 km2 (28,833 square miles).

It is the 28th state of the union of Indian carved out of southern Bihar on 15 Nov 2000.  

  • Jharkhand shares its border with Five states
    • Bihar in the north,
    • Odisha in the south
    • West Bengal in the east.
    • Chhattisgarh in the West, and
    • Uttar Pradesh in North-West.
  • Ranchi is the capital city of Jharkhand.
  • Jamshedpur is the Industrial capital city of the state.  
  • Dumka is the Sub- capital of the state Jharkhand.
  • Jharkhand rank’s 13th in terms of population in India.
Important-facts-about-jharkhand
Important facts about Jharkhand.

Important Historical facts about Jharkhand

Important facts about Jharkhand’s History

Also Read: British Entry into Jharkhand

In the year 1765, the East India Company was given the Diwani right (Right to collect tax) of Bengal, Bihar and Odisha by the then Mughal Emperor Shah Alam II.

Jharkhand was then the part of Bihar, so the EIC got control over Jharkhand also. The rulers as well as the local tribals were not happy with the Britishers exploitative laws, and policies.

This results in numerous tribal revolts in Jharkhand.

  • The first tribal revolt of Jharkhand was the Dhal revolt led by Jagganath Dhal in 1767-1770.
  • Ramgarh revolt broke out in 1772 by Raja Mukund Singh.
  • Paharia Revolt of 1776 led by Ramna Aahdi was the first major revolt against Britishers.
  • Tilka Manjhi revolt (also famously known as “Jabra Paharia”) of 1783. Tilka Manjhi is regarded as the “first martyr” of the Indian Independence struggle.
  • Tamar revolt 1782 was led by Thakur Bholanath Singh.
  • Chero revolt of 1800 led by Bhukan Singh.
  • The Ho uprising of 1821 led by Ho tribals against zamindars and Britishers.
  • Kol uprising 1831 led by Buddhu Bhagat, Bindarai Manki etc. This was the first well organized and the extensive tribal revolt of Jharkhand.
  • Bhumij Revolt 1832 led by Ganga Narayan. This revolt is also known as Ganga Narayan’s Hungama.
  • The Santhal revolt of 1855 led by Sidhu, Kanhu, and Chand, Bhairav. This revolt is also known as Santhal Hul or Hul revolt. Santhal revolt led to the establishment of Santhal Pargana.
  • Sardari Movement 1855 broke out in three-phase 1. bhumi movement, 2. Revolutionary movement for restoration of old values and 3. Political Movement.
  • The Safahod Movement of 1874 led by Lal Hembrom. He is also known as Lal Baba.
  • Kherwar Movement 1874 led by Bhagrit Manjhi. He was famously known as “Baba” among the tribals.
  • In the year 1949, Jaipal Singh Munda formed the Jharkhand party formerly known as “Adivasi Mahasabha” for a separate State.

As a result of years of bloodshed, Jharkhand carved out of south Bihar with an area of 28,833 square miles (79,716 square km) and came into existence on November 15 2000. Jharkhand came into existence as the 28th state of the Indian Union.

Geographical Facts about Jharkhand State.

Amazing facts about Jharkhand

Must Read: Jharkhand Geography: an Introduction

  • Jharkhand is situated in the northeastern part of India.
  • Jharkhand rank 15th in terms of the total geographical area of India. 
  • The area of the Jharkhand state is 79,716 sq km.
  • Latitude of the state 21°59′ N to 25°18′ N 
  • Longitude of the state 83°20’E to 87°57′ E 
  • Boundaries of the state: 
    • North – Bihar,
    • South – Odisha,
    • East-West Bengal,
    • West – Chhattisgarh,
    • North-West – UP
  • Length of the state: Jharkhand stretches 463 km East to West
  • The breadth of the state: 380 km North to South 
  • State Language of Jharkhand: Hindi. Urdu is the second state language.
  • Tropic of Cancer Passes through Ranchi, Gumla and Lohardagga districts of Jharkhand.
  • The number of districts of the Jharkhand touching the boundary of Bihar: 10 
    • Hazaribagh, Chatra, Garhwa, Pakur, Koderma, Sahibganj, Deoghar, Dumka, Godda, Giridih 
  • Number of districts of the Jharkhand which touches the boundary with West Bengal: 10 
    • East-Singhbhum, Sahibganj, Pakur, Dumka, Jamtara, Dhanbad, Bokaro, Ramgarh, Ranchi, Seraikela-Kharsawan
  • Number of districts of the Jharkhand which touches the boundary with Odisha: 04 
    • Simdega, Chaibasa, Jamshedpur, sarailkela-kharsawan
  • Number of districts of the Jharkhand which touches the boundary with Chhatisgarh: 04 
    • Garhwah, Gumla, Latehar, Simdega
  • Number of districts of the Jharkhand which touches the boundary with UP: 01
    • Garhwa

Also Read: Physical Geography of Jharkhand

Facts about Jharkhand’s Demography 

  • The population of Jharkhand as of the 2011 census is 3,29,88,134. 
  • Percentage of Total Population of India: 2.72%. 
  • This makes Jharkhand the 13th most populated state of India.
  • Male population: 1,69,30,315 
  • Female population: 1,60,57,819
  • ST Population: 86,45,042
  • SC Population: 39,85,644
  • Urban Population of Jharkhand: 79,33,061 
    • Male 41,5,3,829
    • Female 3,77,92,232
  • Population Density 414 persons per sq km
  • Decadal Population Growth 22.42% (2001-2011)
  • Sex ratio 949 (18th)
  • The literacy rate of Jharkhand is 66.4% 
    • Male 76.8%
    • Female 55.4%

Facts about Jharkhand’s Rivers

The rivers flowing in the state are divided into two parts:

  1. Rivers flowing through East to South: Damodar, Barakar, Subarnarekha, Mayurakshi, Sankh, Ajay, South Koel and Gumani.
  2. Rivers flowing towards North: Sone, North Koel, Falgu, Panchanan, Bansloi, Punpun, Karo, and Sakri.

Rivers and Origin:

RiverOrigin
SonAmarkantak
BarakarChhotanagpur (North)
SakriChhotanagpur (North)
FalguChhotanagpur (North)
DamodarChhotanagpur
South KoelChhotanagpur
SubarnrekhaChhotanagpur
AjayMunger
GumaniRajmahal Hills
BansloiBans Hill (Godda)
BrahmaniDudhwa Hills (Dumka)
North KoelRanchi
MayurakshiTrikut Hills
SankhGumla
Facts about Jharkhand’s Rivers and their origin.

The river which does not originates from Jharkhand but flows through Jharkhand are:

  1. Ganga: The holy river Ganga flows through the Sahibganj district of Jharkhand.
  2. Baitarni river: This river originates from Odisha and falls into the Budha river.

Dams: Important facts about Jharkhand

DamRiverDistrictYear
Chandil DamSubarnrekhaSaraikela-Kharawa1953
Tenughat DamDamodarBokaro1978
Maithon DamBarakarDhanbad1957
Panchet DamDamodarDhanbad1959
Massanjor DamMayurakshiDumka1955
Getalsud DamSubarnrekhaRanchi1971
Tiliya DamBarakarKoderma1953
Batane DamBatanePalamu1990
Hatia DamSubarnrekhaRanchi1963
Dams: Important facts about Jharkhand

Important facts about Jharkhand Dam

  • Chandil Dam is the highest dam of Jharkhand. The height of Chandil Dam is 56.8 meters.
  • Panchet Dam is the longest dam of Jharkhand. The length of Panchet Dam is 6777 meters.

Important Lakes: Jharkhand Facts

LakeDistrict
Dimna Lake Jamshedpur
Jubilee LakeJamshedpur
Hudco LakeJamshedpur
Topchanchi LakeDhanbad
Ranchi LakeRanchi
Hazaribagh lakeHazaribagh
Maithon LakeDhanbad
Bichkiliya LakeChatra
Important Lakes: Jharkhand Facts

Important Facts about Jharkhand’s Waterfalls

WaterfallRiverDistrict
Jonha Fall (Gautam Dhara)RaruRanchi.
Hundru Fall SubarnrekhaRanchi
Dassam Fall KanchiRanchi
Hirni Fall Ramgarh RiverChakradharpur
Budha Ghag (Lodha Fall)North KoelLatehar
Motijhara Fall AjayRajmahal
PanchghagBanaiKhunti
Rajrappa FallDamodar & BahiraviRamgarh
Usri Fall UsriGiridih
KelaghagSimdega
Halpad FallGhaghraGumla
Sadni Waterfall SankhGumla
Important Waterfalls facts about Jharkhand

Hot Springs: Facts about Jharkhand

Hot SpringsDistrict
Tiger Hazaribagh
SurajkundHazaribagh
Hutar N. Koel Basin
BarmasiaPakur
Shivpur SotaPakur
TattapaniLatehar
DuariChhatra
TetuliaDhanbad
TatloiDumka
Jhariya PaniDumka
Ranibahal, JhumkaDumka
Hot Springs: Facts about Jharkhand

Facts about Jharkhand’s National Park

Jharkhand has only one national park, namely Betla National Park in the Latehar district established in the year 1986.

Wildlife Sanctuaries in Jharkhand

There are a total of 10 wildlife sanctuaries in Jharkhand. These are –

Wildlife SanctuariesDistrict
Dalma wildlife sanctuary Jamshedpur.
Mahuadanr wildlife sanctuaryLatehar
Hazaribagh wildlife sanctuaryHazaribagh
Palkot wildlife sanctuaryGumla
Koderma wildlife sanctuaryKoderma
Gautam Buddha wildlife sanctuaryKoderma
Parasnath wildlife sanctuary Giridih
Topchanchi wildlife sanctuary Dhanbad
Lawalong wildlife sanctuaryChatra
Palamu wildlife sanctuaryLatehar
Facts about Jharkhand Wildlife Sanctuaries

Bird Sanctuary of Jharkhand

Jharkhand has only one bird sanctuary named Udhwa lake bird sanctuary located in Rajmahal.

Biological Park/Zoological garden in Jharkhand

Jharkhand has a total of four biological parks. These are-

Biological ParkDistrict
Birsa Munda Biological ParkOrmanjhi, Ranchi
Birsa Mrig ViharKalamati, Ranchi
Nehru Biological ParkBokaro.
Crocodile breeding centreRanchi.
Biological Park/Zoological garden in Jharkhand

Wildlife Reserve in Jharkhand

Jharkhand has one Wildlife Reserve namely, Singhbhum Elephant Reserve.

Important-facts-about-jharkhand

Economic Facts about Jharkhand

The history of modern industries in India began with the establishment of the TATA iron and steel industry in Jamshedpur by Jamshedji Tata in 1907.

Major Industries in Jharkhand

Iron and Steel Industries

  1. TATA iron and steel company, TISCO
  2. Bokaro Steel plant.
  3. Usha Martin

Aluminium Industry

  1. Bharat Aluminium company limited, BALCO – Muri, Ranchi

Copper Industry

  1. Indian Copper Corporation Limited, 1924 – Ghatsila
  2. Hindustan Copper Limited – Jadugoda
  3. Indian Cable Company Limited

Cement Industry

The First Cement Factory of Jharkhand was opened in Japla.

Major cement factories in Jharkhand are

  1. ACC Limited – Khelari
  2. Jaypee Group
  3. Lafarge India

Coal refining Industry

  • Kargali coal washery is India’s biggest coal washery.

Engineering Industries

  1. Heavy Engineering Corporation, HEC – Ranchi
  2. Heavy Engineering Corporation Limited, HECL – Hatia
  3. Heavy Machine Tool Plant, HMTL, Hatia.
  4. Heavy Machine Manufacturing Plant, HMMP – Ranchi

Chemical Industry

  1. Fertiliser Industry – Sindri, Dhanbad
  2. Explosive Industry – Gomia, Bokaro
  3. Caustic soda Industry – Palamu and Jamshedpur.
  4. Soda Ash – Jamshedpur.
  5. Glass Industry – Ramgarh

Agro-based Industry

  1. Cotton Textile Industry – Giridih, Jamshedpur, Ranchi.
  2. Silk Industry – Central Tassar Research and Training Institute – Piska, Ranchi.

Forest-based Industry

  1. Lac Industry – Indian Institute of Natural Resins and Gums, Namkum, Ranchi.

Mineral Resources of Jharkhand

Jharkhand is blessed with Luxurious mineral resources. Jharkhand accounts for nearly 40% of the total minerals reserve found in the country. For this reason, Jharkhand is also known as “RatnaGarbha” or “Ruhr of India”.

Jharkhand is the top producer of Coking coal, Uranium and Pyrite in India. In addition to this, Jharkhand ranks first in the production of Coal, Mica, Kyanite and Copper.

A majority of mineral deposits are found in the Damodar Valley, also known as the “Storehouse of Minerals”.

Classification of Minerals

Minerals can be categorised into three categories –

Metallic Mineral

  • Iron Ore: Jharkhand ranks second in the production of Iron ore. Noamundi has the largest reserve of Iron ore in Asia.
  • Bauxite: Jharkhand ranks 7th in terms of Bauxite production in India.
  • Copper: Jharkhand has a total 26% of India’s Copper deposit. Jharkhand ranks 3rd in terms of Copper production in India. The First Copper Plant of Jharkhand was opened in Ghatshila
  • Manganese: Jharkhand is the sole producer of manganese in the country.
  • Chromite: Jharkhand ranks 2nd in terms of Chromite production in India.
  • Zinc and Tin: Zinc and Tin are found in Hazaribagh, Ranchi, West Singhbhum, Dumka.
  • Gold and Silver: Gold is found in the Subarnarekha, Son and Damodar valley. Jharkhand produces around 400 kg of Gold ever year. Silver is found in Hazaribagh, Palamu, Chatra. Jharkhand accounts 30% of total Siver production in India.
  • Pyrite: Pyrite is found in Musabani, East Singhbhum.
  • Tungsten and Vanadium: Tungsten is found mainly in Hazaribagh which accounts for nearly 15% of total Tungsten production in India. Vanadium is found in West Singhbhum.

Non-Metallic Mineral

  • Coal: Jharkhand ranks 1stin terms of Coal production in India. Coal found in Jharkhand is of Gondwana period which has Bituminous and Anthacite type of coal.
  • Graphite: Graphite is found mainly in Palamu district. Jharkhand Graphite rserve deposits accounts for 58% of the country’s total reserve.
  • Mica: Jharkhand ranks 3rdin terms of production of Mica in India.
  • Limestone: Limestone is found mainly in Palamu.
  • Dolomite: Dolomite is found mainly in Palamu.
  • Asbestos: Asbestos is found in Saraikela, Ranchi, Singhbhum.
  • China Clay: Found in small quantity
  • Lead: Found in small quantity
  • Fire Clay: Found in small quantity

Atomic Minerals

  • Uranium: A small but significant amount of Uranium deposit is found in Jadugoda, East Singhbhum district in Jharkhand.
  • Thorium: Thorium reserves are found in Ranchi.
  • Ilmenite: Ilmenite reserves are found in Ranchi

Energy Resources in Jharkhand

  • Tilaiya is known as the “First Power House of Jharkhand”.

Thermal Power Station

  • Bokaro Thermal Power Station: Established under Damodar Valley Corporation (DVC) in 1963 with a capacity of around 360 MW.
  • Bokaro Power Supply Company Limited (BPSCL) Thermal Power Station: Established in 2001 with a joint venture of SAIL and DVC.
  • Koderma Thermal Power Station: This power plant is being operated by DVC. It has an installed working capacity of 1000 MW.
  • North Karnpura Thermal Power Station: Under Construction. It has a planned capacity of 1980MW. It is located in Chatra.
  • Maithon Thermal Power Station: Located in Dhanbad. It is a joint venture of DVC and TATA power. The installed capacity is 1050 MW.
  • Tenughat Thermal Power Station: Located in Bokaro. It has an installed capacity of 420 MW and is operated by Tenughat Vidhyut Nigam Limited.
  • Patratu Thermal Power Station: Located in Ramgarh. Owned by Jharkhand State Electricity Board (JSEB). Installed capacity of 840 MW.
  • Chandrapura Thermal Power Station: Located in Bokaro. It is operated by DVC and has an installed capacity of 630 MW.
  • Jojobera Thermal Power Station: Located in Jamshedpur. This power station is owned by TATA Power and has an installed capacity of 547 MW.

Transport System in Jharkhand

Roadways

  • Jharkhand has a total road length of 12200 km.
  1. National Highway: According to the National Highway Authority of India (NHAI), the total length of National Highway in Jharkhand is around 3367 km. The longest NH of Jharkhand is NH 20 – which has a length of 391 km. The smallest NH of Jharkhand is NH 143H – which has a length of 6.5 km.
  2.  State Highway: The total length of state highways of Jharkhand is 1232 km (approx). SH 18 is the longest State Highway of Jharkhand.
  3. District Road: District roads comprises a total length of around 4845 km.

Railways

The Railway system in Jharkhand is developed mainly in the industrial cities of Jharkhand like Ranchi, Bokaro, Dhanbad, Ramgarh Jamshedpur etc.

Jharkhand comes under two railway zones viz. East Central Railway, Hajipur and South-Western Railways, Howrah.

Prior to Independence, railway lines were constructed by East India Railway Company and Bengal- Nagpur Railway in Chhota Nagpur.

The 1st rail line in Jharkhand was laid in the year 1854. Three new railway lines proposed to be laid down namely, Namkum-Kandra Rail Line, Parasnath-Madhuban-Giridih, Chitra-Basukinath Rail Line.

Airways

Jharkhand is not well connected by airways. Capital city Ranchi has the biggest airport in Jharkhand that too with a very small number of air operators. There is an ongoing MOU to set up a new international airport in Deogarh and an air-cargo complex in Ranchi.

Waterways

The Waterway-1 connects Jharkhand with Allahabad-Hooghly pass in the Sahibganj district.

Facts about Jharkhand’s Administrative Set-up.

The state of Jharkhand has a Unicameral State Legislature. A new building of Vidhan Sabha (now functional) in Kute Village, Ranchi was inaugurated by Prime Minister Narendra Modi in 2019.

Facts about Jharkhand’s Vidhan Sabha

The Legislative structure of Jharkhand is unicameral

  • Legislative Constituencies: 82 (Elected 81 and Nominated 1) 
  • The number of Seats Reserved for Scheduled Tribes (ST) is: 28 
  • The number of Seats Reserved for Scheduled Castes (SC) is: 09 

Related Post: Governor-Rajyapal

Lok Sabha Constituencies 

  • Lok Sabha seats: 14 (ST-05, SC-01) 
  • Rajya Sabha seats: 06
  • Largest Constituency of Lok Sabha: Singhbhum 
  • Smallest Constituency of Lok Sabha: Chatra 

District

  • Jharkhand was initially formed with 18 districts, which were part of Southern Bihar. At present, the number of districts has increased to 24.
  • Newly formed districts after the formation of state: 6 (Latehar, Jamtara, Simdega, Khunti, Seraikela- kharsawan, Ramgarh) 

Division

  • Jharkhand is divided into a total of five divisions. These are –
    • North Chhotanagpur: Hazaribagh (HQ), Ramgarh, Giridih, Dhanbad, Chatra, Bokaro, and Koderma.
    • South Chhotanagpur: Ranchi (HQ), Gumla, Simdega, Lohardagga, Khunti.
    • Santhal Pargana: Dumka (HQ), Deogarh, Sahibganj, Pakur, Jamtara, Godda.
    • Kolhan: East Singhbhum, West Singhbhum (Chaibasa, HQ), and Saraikela-Kharsawan.
    • Palamu: Palamu (Medinipur, HQ), Latehar, Garhwa.
  • Sub-divisions: The number of total Sub-division in Jharkhand is 45
  • Blocks: The number of Blocks is 264. 
  • High Court: The High Court of Jharkhand is in the state capital Ranchi. The high court of Jharkhand is the 21st High Court of India.

Facts about Jharkhand Administrative Setup

  • The First Governor of Jharkhand is Prabhat Kumar.
  • The First Chief Minister of Jharkhand is Babulal Marandi.
  • First Leader of Opposition is Inder Singh Namdhari.
  • First Speaker of Vidhan Sabha is Stephen Marandi.
  • First Woman Cabinet Minister is Joba Majhi.
  • First Chief Justice of High Court is Justice Vinod Kumar Gupta.
  • First Chief Secretary is Vijay Shankar Dubey
  • First IG Police is Shivaji Mohan Caire
  • First Advocate General of Jharkhand is MM Banerjee.
  • First Chairman of the Jharkhand Public Service Commission (JPSC) is Patik Chandra Hembrum
  • First Nominated Member of Vidhan Sabha is Joseph Pacheli Galstaun.

Jharkhand at a glance

Facts about Jharkhand’s Newspaper and magazines

  • “Rashtriya Bhasha” was the first daily newspaper of Jharkhand which was published in 1950.
  • First English Newspaper was “Daily Press”.
  • Gazbandhu” was the first magazine of Jharkhand, published in 1872.
  • “Adivasi Rakam” was the first tribal magazine by Jaipal Singh published in 1939 in the Mundari language.

Facts about Jharkhand’s Films

  • Jharkhand film industry is also known as Jholiwood.
  • The first feature film of Jharkhand was “Akrant”.
  • The first feature film of Jharkhand in Nagpuri was “Sona Kar Nagpur”.
  • First Santhali Film: Mukhya Braha
  • Jharkhand first International Film Festival was held in Ranchi Press Club.

Miscellaneous Facts about Jharkhand

  • First University of Jharkhand is Ranchi University, Ranchi.
  • First Agriculture University of Jharkhand is Birsa Agricultural University, Ranchi.
  • First Medical College of Jharkhand: Rajendra Institute of Medical Sciences (RIMS) (Formerly known as Rajendra Medical College.)
  • First Degree College of Jharkhand is St Columba’s College
  • Pioneer of Jharkhand Movement: J Barthoman.

Facts about Jharkhand’s Tourist Places

Jharkhand is rich in Flora and Fauna diversity and Cultural heritage which advocates a huge potential for Eco-Tourism in Jharkhand.

Facts about Jharkhand’s Hill Stations

  • Parasnath Hill: Parasnath hill is also known as Sammed Sikhar. It is the highest mountain peak in Jharkhand and has a height of 1365 meters. It is located in Giridih district. Parasnath is the famous pilgrimage centre of Jains.
  • Netarhat Hill: Netarhat is also known as the “Queen of Chhotanagpur”. It is the highest hill station of Jharkhand with an average height of 3622 feet. It is situated in Gumla/Latehar district.
  • Ranchi: The capital city is also known as the “Shimla of Jharkhand” and “City of Waterfalls.”
  • Dumbari Hills: It is located in the Khunti district. It is also known as the “Jallianwala Bagh of Jharkhand.” Hundru waterfall is situated on this hill
  • Tagore Hill: It is also known as Morabadi Hill. It is located in Ranchi. It was named Tagore hill after Jyotindara Tagore, the elder brother of Rabindranath Tagore.
  • Panchghag Hill: Located in Khunti district.
  • Khandoli Hill: Located in Giridih district.
  • Kaleshweari Hill (Kolhua Pahar): Located in Chatra district.
  • Canary Hill: Located in Hazaribagh district.

Facts about Jharkhand’s Forts

  • Ratu fort: Ratu Fort was built by Udaynath Sahdev of the Nag Dynasty in 1870. The fort is located in Sisai, Gumla district.
  • Ramgarh Fort: This fort was built by Ramgarh king Sabal Ray.
  • Palamu Fort: It is located in the Latehar district. Palamu Fort (Old Fort) was built by Pratap Rai of the Chero dynasty in 1560 AD. Later Medini Rai constructed a New Fort.
  • Bishrampur Fort: Built by Chero rulers.
  • Jaitagarh Fort: Built by Porhat king Arjun Singh on the bank of river Baitarni, Chaibasa, West Singhbhum.
  • Garhband Fort: Built by Ramgarh King Hemant Singh.

Facts about Jharkhand’s Religious Places and Tourism

  • Jagganath Temple: Located in Ranchi. It was built in 1691.
  • Tanginath Temple: Located in Gumla.
  • Basukinath Dham: Located in Dumka.
  • Baidyanath Dham: Located in Deoghar. It is also known as “Ravaneshwar Dham”. It was built by Raja Puranmal.
  • Ramrekha Dham: Located in Simdega.
  • Naulakha Temple: It is located in the Deoghar district. It was built by Queen Charushila of Deoghar.
  • Trikuti: Located in Deoghar.
  • Bhadrakali Temple: Located in Chatra district.
  • Sun Temple: Located in Bundu-Tamar.
  • Chinnamastika Temple: Located in Ramgarh district.
  • Harihar Dham: Located in Giridih district.
  • Haldi-Ghati Temple: Located in Gumla district. It was built by Nagvanshi King Kshetrakarn.
  • Anjandham: Located in Gumla.
  • Mahamaya Temple: Located in Gumla district. It was built by Nagvanshi king Gajghant Rai in 908 AD.

Facts about Jharkhand’s Music, Dance and Drama

Facts about Jharkhand’s Famous Folk Dances

  • Paika Dance: This dance is performed by male members of the Munda tribe.
  • Domkanch Dance: This dance is popular in Chotanagpur. Dance is performed by the bridegroom’s family members especially women.
  • Jhumar Dance: It is categorized into three types, 1.
    • Bangla Jhumar Dance,
    • Mardana Jhumar dance, and
    • Janani Jhumar dance.
  • Karma Dance: Karma dance is the celebration of the plantation of the Kadambh tree which is considered sacred in the Oraon tribe.
  • Mundari Dance: It is performed by Munda tribe members at the time of the wedding.
  • Santhali Dance: It is performed by the Santhal tribe which depicts the strength of unity.
  • Chhau Dance: Chhau dance is a form of dance and drama which represents the tribal form of “Nritya Natika”. The dance is based on the theme of Ramayan and Mahabharata.

Facts about Jharkhand’s Folk Dramas

  • Kirtaniya: Through this drama, life’s journey is presented through the activities of Lord Krishna.
  • Bhakuli Banka: It represents marital life and is performed during the Sawan Festival.
  • Jat Jatin: It represents the married life of Jat-Jatin and is performed by female members during the month of Sawan.
  • Sama Chakewa: It represents the bond between brother and sister.

In this post, we have shared exam relevant information about 101 Important and Amazing Facts About Jharkhand at a Glance This will be helpful for those students who are aspiring for JPSC, JSSC, or other Government jobs preparation.

Related Post: Art and Culture of Jharkhand

External Resources: Facts About Jharkhand

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