Career in Agriculture: 19 Jobs Opportunities in Agriculture

Career in Agriculture: An Introduction

India is mostly an agricultural nation. Almost a third of India’s population lives in villages where agriculture is the main source of income.

Agriculture has long been regarded as the economic backbone of India.

India also has immense potential as an agricultural commodity exporter, making it one of the world’s leading agricultural nations.

Today, India’s agriculture has grown globalised, and the government is supporting the idea of integrating Indian agriculture with the global economy.

These factors lead to a lucrative job opportunity in agriculture and an inspiration for a career in agriculture.

Agriculture Career Options

Agriculture has an impact not only on the production of food grains, vegetables, and fruits but also on a wide range of agriculture-dependent sectors and associated industries that rely on agricultural raw materials.

Horticulture, dairying, fish farming, and poultry farming etc. are examples of linked agricultural industries that have recently become economically feasible.

Aside from these agricultural jobs/fields, the young Indian generation can pursue agriculture careers options in associated fields such as Horticulture and Floriculture, as India is one of the world’s greatest producers of vegetables and fruits, with an equally strong floriculture foundation.

With the commercialization of agriculture and horticulture, there are a variety of paid and entrepreneurial Agribusiness Opportunities/ag jobs options. 

  • Hotels, health farms, and vacation resorts hire landscapers and horticulturists to improve their environs. 
  • Florists and nurseries, particularly in metropolitan areas, are doing brisk business. Farmhouses in the suburbs have become major home suppliers.
  • Horticulture, as well as its offshoot floriculture, has become a major source of export revenue.
    • Horticultural science is progressing at an unparalleled rate, with new plant kinds being developed. Horticulture examines various plant types, from beautiful plants to therapeutic plants, fruit-bearing trees to flower-bearing plants.

Job opportunities in Agriculture Research files are also growing, as research institutes prepare to meet the challenge of an ever-expanding export market with the help of the state and federal governments, as well as the private sector.

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career in agriculture I job opportunities in agriculture

Top institutes for pursuing a career in Agriculture

Agriculture courses are available at the undergraduate, graduate, and doctoral levels.

After finishing class tenth, students can enrol in short-term courses.

These courses are available in full-time, part-time, and correspondence/distance formats.

The following is a list of agriculture courses at various levels:

List of Institutes/Colleges offering courses in agriculture

Many of the university-affiliated colleges offer graduate programmes as well. In addition, the central and state governments have established special agricultural universities.

Some of the well-renowned institutes/universities offering Agriculture courses for a career in agriculture are –

Institutes/CollegesCity
Orissa University of Agriculture & TechnologyBhubaneswar
Banaras Hindu University (BHU)Varanasi
Rajmata Vijayraje Scindia Krishi Vishwa VidyalayaGwalior
Vellore Institute of TechnologyVellore
Punjab Agricultural UniversityLudhiana
Chaudhary Charan Singh Haryana Agricultural UniversityHissar
Jawaharlal Nehru Krishi ViswavidyalayaJabalpur
Tamil Nadu Agricultural UniversityCoimbatore
Rajendra Agricultural University, PusaSamastipur
University of Agricultural SciencesDharwad
career in agriculture: list of institutes/colleges offering courses in agriculture.

Admission Criteria

Agriculture courses are available at both the undergraduate (UG) and postgraduate (PG) levels.

The eligibility criteria for agricultural courses offered at both levels are listed below-

  • Undergraduate (UG) level: Candidates must have a minimum of 50 per cent aggregate marks in Science in class 12th.
  • Post graduate (PG) level: Candidates must have a bachelor’s degree with an average of 50 per cent.

Eligibility Criteria

Candidates with all or some of the above-mentioned characteristics and basic agricultural training, which is available as a three- to four-year Bachelor’s degree course at all agricultural universities across the country, can succeed in agriculture and related fields. 

  • To pursue a professional career in agriculture, one must first obtain a Bachelor’s degree in the field, abbreviated as B.Sc in Agriculture.
  • Those who have completed a 10+2 programme in science or agriculture are regarded as suitable for admission to the B.Sc. in Agriculture (Ag) programme. 

Almost all of the country’s well-known institutions have an agriculture department that offers graduate and higher-level courses on the topic.

List of Agriculture jobs in India/Jobs opportunities in Agriculture

Agriculture Career Options: Students have a variety of alternatives for their career in Agriculture after completing their BSc in agriculture programme, or they can take the self-employment/Agribusiness Opportunities of their choice immediately after graduation.

In the field of career in agriculture, some of the popular Agriculture branches/designations and their work areas are

Agriculturists 

Agriculturists are scientists who have specialised in a particular area of agriculture. 

The optimal production of food and fibre is their primary goal.

Entomology, Agricultural Economics, Soil Science and Plant Nutrition, Animal Science, Food Science, and Wildlife Management are some of the specialist fields. 

A B.Sc. or B.Sc. in Agriculture degree is the minimum required for becoming an Agriculturist.

Agricultural Engineers

Agricultural Engineers specialise in a certain fields such as agricultural mechanisation, soil conservation, or food processing.

A B.Sc. (B.Tech) in Engineering or Agricultural Engineering is the minimal prerequisite for agricultural engineers.

They are responsible for improving farming conditions and ensuring that the environment is safe for all parts of farming during their work.

Agricultural engineers do study and analysis of farmers’ daily activities, and they work with new technologies to improve agricultural production and processing procedures that are currently in use. 

Improvements in these techniques are frequently critical in assisting farmers in making better use of their land and resources.

Agriculture Research Scientists

Agriculture is a subject that emphasises research. To get the most out of agriculture, it’s critical to keep up with current trends, emerging standards, and best practices. 

With the world’s ever-increasing population, demand for food, medicine, and other consumables is skyrocketing, but the planet’s resources are disappearing at an alarming rate.

Given the importance and demand for agricultural research, the position of Agriculture Research Scientist has emerged as one of the most sought-after career in agriculture possibilities for today’s Indian agricultural science graduates.

It is an excellent agriculture career options for those who are passionate about improving existing agricultural products.

Our country’s apex body, the Indian Council for Agricultural Research (ICAR), promotes agricultural research and provide agriculture jobs related training.

The council oversees research institutes, including centres for all major crops and other agricultural specialities. 

These are the lists of some of the research institutes:

Research InstituteCity
Indian Institute of Agricultural Biotechnology Ranchi
Indian Institute of Vegetable Research Ranchi
Indian Institute of Water Management Bhubaneswar
Indian Institute of Maize Research New Delhi
Central Institute of Sub Tropical HorticultureLucknow
Indian Institute of Sugarcane Research Lucknow
National Research Centre for Grapes Pune
Central Research Institute of Dryland AgricultureHyderabad
Central Institute of Cotton ResearchNagpur
Central Potato Research Institute, Shimla
career in agriculture: list of research institutes/colleges offering courses/training in agriculture.

Agriculture Research Scientists are responsible for increasing agricultural product production by identifying numerous strategies to improve production with limited resources and determining how to maximise agricultural output. 

Agricultural Biotechnology

Understanding and implementing a variety of scientific techniques such as genetic engineering, molecular diagnostics, vaccinations, and tissue culture to modify plants, animals, and microorganisms are all part of this field. 

Breeders can use it to improve crops and livestock by finding and changing specific genes. 

It’s also utilised to boost milk output, prevent and treat animal ailments, and produce more efficient food processing methods

Pharmaceutical and chemical industries, as well as agro-based industrial companies, may employ you in this field. 

The most common job title is Product Development Scientist, which involves managing and controlling operations related to the production of products such as seeds, herbicides, and insecticides. 

You can also work in the research and development section of firms or organisations like IARI, where you can help create new procedures for improving existing agro products or generating new, higher-quality products.

Agricultural Economics

It entails the application of economic principles to the agriculture industry. 

Professionals in this sector are responsible for forecasting market trends, tracking trade (import and export) patterns, customer preferences, and agricultural production practices. 

They also help determine the price of various agro goods by analysing demand and supply. 

Crop and livestock sciences, policy analysis, credit analysis, international trade, agribusiness opportunities, and other areas of expertise are available to you in this subject.

Plant Pathologist

A plant pathologist is a specialist who looks after the health of plants. 

Plant Pathologist has become one of the hottest ag job possibilities available to today’s Bio-Science graduates due to the growing importance and demand.

With the world’s population growing at an exponential rate, demand for food, medicine, and other consumables is expanding at a rapid rate, but the earth’s resources are dwindling with each passing day. 

To keep up with demand while working with limited resources, there is a pressing need to increase the quality and quantity of current resources so that they can be used to their full potential to bridge the gap between demand and supply of the earth’s consumable biological resources.

Plant pathologists have a lot of job opportunities in agriculture/agriculture career options, especially with the growing interest in the quality of our global environment and the growing global need for high-quality food, fibre, and tree and decorative plants.

It is a good career in agriculture choice for people who want to improve existing agriculture and allied products.

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career in agriculture I list of agriculture jobs in India

Floriculturists

Floriculturists are experts in the cultivation of flowering and attractive plants for sale or as raw materials in the cosmetics and perfume industries, as well as in the pharmaceutical industry. 

Because of the commercialization of every religious and social event in Indian society, the profession has gained a lot of traction. 

Because of the high demand for its products throughout the year and in large quantities at all times, this profession has become a financial success in providing jobs for agriculture students.

A career in agriculture as a Floriculturist: Job Description

The employment of a floriculturist entails growing flowers and ornamental plants for gardens, the floral industry, and the medical industry, as well as export.

Growing and caring for floral plants is also part of his job description.

He/She is in charge of post-harvest treatments and floral product processing as well as creating new flowering plant kinds.

Teaching

Because there are so many institutes that offer agricultural education, people who want to teach the topic to have many options for career in agriculture

You have the option of instructing graduate, postgraduate, or doctorate students. You must hold a Master’s degree in Agriculture (M.Sc in Agriculture ( Ag) or equivalent) to be considered for this teaching position. 

Those with a research degree have a distinct edge in teaching and research ag jobs.

Agriculture education opens doors to various jobs in the agriculture sector such as careers in food security, biodiversity, environmental conservation, and a variety of other industries.

Horticulturist 

A horticulturist is a professional who specialises in the art of growing fruits and vegetables.

In layman’s terms, he or she is also known as a competent gardener. 

Horticulturists are particularly important in agrarian economies such as India, where the agriculture sector in general, and horticulture in particular, play a significant role in the overall economy.

Horticulture as a career in the agriculture sector has grown in popularity in India as the agricultural industry has become more commercialised. 

Due to the great demand for its products throughout the year, and in large quantities, this agriculture career option/agribusiness opportunity has become a commercial success. 

In the fruit and vegetable retailing industry, skilled horticulturists can work as Horticulture officers or supervisors in hotels, resorts, or construction enterprises, or as Warehouse Manager, Store Manager, or Quality Manager. 

In academic institutions and research organisations, professional horticulturists might serve as Plant Managers in floricultural processing units, Estate Managers, Scientists, Professors, and Research Associates.

Horticulture students must also study weather and soil conditions, plant diseases and treatments, and the economic viability of each of these species, in addition to plant types.

Ecopreneur/ Green Entrepreneur 

An Ecopreneur/ Green Entrepreneur is a person who pursues commercial goals while keeping society’s long-term development and progress in mind. 

Green entrepreneurs demonstrate to others how sustainability can be considered even when profit maximisation is a top priority.

Green businesses as a career in agriculture are becoming more popular in recent years as public awareness of environmental and societal issues has increased dramatically. 

Consumer preferences are also shifting, as people seek out items and services that they believe are environmentally sustainable.

Food Technologists 

Food technologists work in the food processing sector, assisting in the development of healthy, safe, and convenient food items. 

They study, develop, and supervise the manufacturing of a variety of foods.

They also research the physical, chemical, and biological aspects of food in order to develop or improve materials, methods, and technologies used in the production of foods and beverages. 

They also create and source product ingredients, as well as the best ways to combine, process, store, and preserve them in order to keep the taste and nutritional value. 

Meat, dairy, fish, cereal goods, confectionery, snack foods, beverages, and minimally processed fresh produce are all areas where food technologists can specialise. 

This is one of the most promising new career in agriculture professions in India and elsewhere.

They can hold numerous positions in various companies and government organizations after completing their concerned courses.

Agricultural Manager

An Agricultural Manager is someone who plans strategies for optimum output, organises farm administration, works machinery, organises related companies, and manages people.

This professional is responsible for the daily planning, organisation, supervision, and administration of farm estate activities such as raising animals, tending crops.

This field is primarily concerned with the administration of all agricultural business issues.

It comprises activities such as processing, storage, and promotion of food, fibre, and related agricultural goods, as well as handling activities associated with the manufacture and sale of farm equipment and supplies. 

For smooth supply flow, ag jobs professionals in this field must establish a link between the farm and non-farm sectors.

Fish farmer 

A fish farmer is a professional who supervises and oversees the actions of people engaged in fish hatchery production for corporations, cooperatives, or other owners through subordinate supervisory personnel. 

In order to discover diseases or parasites, fish farmers also undertake and supervise stock exams. 

They consult with biologists, fish pathologists, and other fishing experts to learn about fish habits, diseases, diet, and environmental needs. 

They also establish, administer, and carry out rules relating to operations and standards, as well as facility maintenance; and they monitor surroundings to ensure that aquatic life is kept in the best possible condition.

Organic Farming

Organic farming is described as an agricultural, animal, and other product production without the use of synthetic chemical fertilisers and pesticides, transgenic species, antibiotics, growth-stimulating hormones, or other chemicals.

Career in Agriculture/Organic Farming

A post-graduate diploma in agribusiness and organic farming may be useful for the following job opportunities:

  • Food Scientist or Organic Agriculturalist
  • Farmer or rancher that practises organic farming
  • Handler of Organics
  • The agent that certifies organic products
  • Postsecondary Organic Agricultural Sciences Teacher
  • Organic Specialty Retailer
  • Organic Restaurateur
  • Organic Agricultural Manager

To promote the growing relevance of contemporary organic agricultural practices, several schools and institutions have developed organic agriculture courses.

After completing a degree in Agribusiness combined with organic farming, aspirants can gain hands-on experience through entry-level employment in nurseries, farms, and landscaping firms.

Some farms and agribusinesses even provide official internships to interested individuals.

After successfully completing an organic farming course, a person can acquire marketing techniques to develop their organic farming business and claim the certified organic label on the food they produce.

Fisheries Science 

This field of agriculture research is concerned with the concepts of commercial fish cultivation and harvesting in freshwater, brackish (saline) water, and any marine environment. 

It also concentrates on the life, habits, and reproduction of many fish species.

Students that study this topic gain knowledge of all new methods of non-naturally growing fish as well as how they can be conserved and transported securely.

Poultry farming

It entails keeping domestic birds for meat and eggs, such as chickens and ducks

Chickens are raised on the majority of poultry farms since they are widely consumed for eggs (layer chickens) and meat (meat chickens) (Broiler chickens).

Individuals working in this industry must handle a wide range of tasks, including shed management, feed supply, nutritional criteria for produce, product transportation, and so on.

Food Inspector

A food inspector is a government official who examines the safety and quality of food products, as well as the ingredients used in their manufacturing, the sanitation of the equipment used, and the location where they are produced.

Food inspectors keep an eye on food distributors, processors, and manufacturers for safety and sanitation infractions that could lead to adulterant or microbial contamination.

Dairy Technology

Dairy Technology is a branch of science that focuses on the production and processing of milk. 

Ag jobs professionals in this field are in charge of milk production, including collection and storage, as well as the processing of the milk to make it fit for consumption.

They also oversee activities such as milk packaging, storage, and distribution, as well as ensuring that nutritional and quality criteria are followed.

Banking Sector

In our country, the majority of public sector bank branches are located in rural and semi-urban areas. 

The government has set certain goals for banks to finance agriculture and related sectors.

Banks conduct a variety of government-sponsored programmes, including agriculture-related programmes. 

Agricultural clerks and officials are needed in all public sector banks. 

Qualifications for a career in agriculture such as a B.Sc. in agriculture, a B.V.Sc., or a B.V.Sc. are required for these roles. 

In certain banks, such officers are still referred to as Rural Development Officers.

Grade B officers are recruited by the National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD).

Young people interested in pursuing a career in agriculture should examine these possibilities because they are emerging fields with a lot of potential in the future, considering that India’s economy is still dominated by agriculture.

A solid agricultural education opens doors to a variety of professional prospects in a variety of sectors. It is up to you to choose which field you want to pursue and the type of work you want to do.

Agriculture will play a larger and more vital role in the Indian economy as it turns a new leaf. Agriculture students can participate in India’s new growth storey.

The websites of the Indian Council of Agricultural Research, the Agricultural Scientist Recruitment Board, and others provide important information for anyone interested in a career in agriculture.

Reference: Organic Farming

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